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Title

HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender people in Nepal.

Authors

DN Bhatta

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

Int J Infect Dis.

Publication Date

3/1/2014

PubMed Search

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24594310

Link to full-text

 

PMID

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24594310

Abstract

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Transgender women are a vulnerable and key risk group for HIV, and most research has shown an increased frequency of HIV infection among this minority population. This study examined the prevalence of HIV-related sexual risk behaviors and the socio-demographic correlates with HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among male-to-female (MtF) transgender persons.

METHODS:

Data were collected from a sample of 232 individuals through venue-based and snowball sampling and face-to-face interviews.

RESULTS:

The HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among the MtF transgender persons were: sex without using a condom (48.3%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 41.8-54.8), unprotected anal sex (68.1%; 95% CI 62.0-74.2), and unprotected sex with multiple partners (88.4%; 95% CI 84.3-92.5). Statistically significant differences were found for age, income, education, alcohol habit, and sex with more than two partners per day for these three different HIV-related sexual risk behaviors. MtF transgender persons with a secondary or higher level of education were three times (OR 2.93) more likely to have unprotected sex with multiple partners compared to those with a primary level or no education.

CONCLUSIONS:

Age, education, income, frequency of daily sexual contact, and an alcohol habit remain significant with regard to HIV-related sexual risk behavior. There is an urgent need for programs and interventions to reduce risky sexual behaviors in this minority population.

Keywords

 

Topic

Behavior; transgender

Attachments

Created at 3/12/2014 12:43 PM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 3/12/2014 12:43 PM by Davis, Gregory P