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Title

Prevalence of HIV Infection and Risk Behaviors Among Younger and Older Injecting Drug Users in the United States, 2009.

Authors

Broz D, Pham H, Spiller M, Wejnert C, Le B, Neaigus A, Paz-Bailey G.

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

AIDS and Behavior

Publication Date

11/16/2013

PubMed Search

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24242754

Link to full-text

 

PMID

24242754

Abstract

​This study compared HIV sero-prevalence and risk behaviors between younger and older injecting drug users (IDUs). IDUs aged ≥18 years were interviewed for the 2009 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System. Using GEE regression, we assessed characteristics of younger (18-29 years) and older (≥30 years) IDUs, and factors associated with past 12-month receptive syringe sharing and unprotected sex (vaginal/anal). Of 10,090 participants, 10 % were younger. HIV sero-prevalence was lower among younger than older IDUs (4 vs. 10 %, p = 0.001). Younger IDUs were more likely (p ≤ 0.002) to be non-black race/ethnicity, report higher household income, homelessness, being arrested and to engage in receptive syringe sharing and unprotected sex. In multivariable models, age remained associated (p < 0.001) with receptive syringe sharing (aPR = 1.14, 95 % CI1.07-1.22) and unprotected sex (aPR = 1.10, 95 % CI1.06-1.14). Although younger IDUs had lower HIV prevalence, their behaviors place them at increased risk of HIV infection and could lead to a rapid spread in this susceptible population.

Keywords

 

Topic

Adolescents/Youth; Behavior; Substance Abuse

Attachments

Created at 11/20/2013 9:46 AM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 11/20/2013 9:46 AM by Davis, Gregory P