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Title

Predictors of continued HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy program in China---A prospective study.

Authors

Chen W, Xia Y, Hong Y, Hall BJ, Ling L.

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

Harm Reduct J.

Publication Date

10/1/2013

PubMed Search

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24107380

Link to full-text

 

PMID

24107380

Abstract

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To examine the predictors of continued drug- and sex-related HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) programs in China.

METHODS:

We followed a sample of 5,035 drug users enrolled for the first time in MMT programs at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months utilizing a longitudinal prospective study design. Drug users' HIV-risk behaviors, MMT characteristics, and drug use, were assessed at all three waves using a structured interview and HIV/HCV status was assessed at baseline and 12-month follow-up using biological specimens.

RESULTS:

The point prevalence of HIV was 7.6% and 78.4% for HCV at baseline. Results of generalized linear mixed logistic regression models revealed that HIV-positive MMT clients were more likely to engage in drug injection (aOR = 1.70) and syringe sharing (aOR = 4.73). HCV-positive clients were more likely to inject drugs (aOR = 2.58), share syringes (aOR = 1.97), and have multiple sexual partners (aOR = 1.47). Adherence to MMT was the most significant predictor of reduced HIV-risk behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data confirmed the positive effects of MMT on HIV prevention and underscored the urgency for programs to reduce HIV risk in HIV- and HCV-positive clients. There is a pressing need to strengthen existing counseling services for HIV-positive drug users to reduce their drug-related risk behaviors and to provide counseling for HCV-positive drug users. Further studies are needed to explore interventions to address high dropout rates and low adherence among MMT clients.

Keywords

 

Topic

Asian Pacific Islander; Behavior; Substance Abuse

Attachments

Created at 10/16/2013 11:10 AM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 10/16/2013 11:10 AM by Davis, Gregory P