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Title

Food Insecurity, Socioeconomic Status, and HIV-Related Risk Behavior Among Women in Farming Households in Tanzania.

Authors

McCoy SI, Ralph LJ, Njau PF, Msolla MM, Padian NS.

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

AIDS Behav.

Publication Date

10/1/2013

PubMed Search

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24097335

Link to full-text

 

PMID

24097335

Abstract

​Food insecurity (FI) is associated with higher-risk sexual behavior in some studies. However, the overlap between FI and socioeconomic status (SES) has been poorly described. The study objectives were to: (1) determine the relationship between household FI and four dimensions of SES among sexually active Tanzanian women in farming households: expenditures, assets, flooring material of the home, and land ownership; and (2) determine whether FI is associated with higher-risk sexual behavior and relationship power. In male-headed households, FI was associated with assets, flooring material, and land ownership but not expenditures. There was no association between FI and the four dimensions of SES in female-headed households. Among women in male-headed households, but not female household heads themselves, severe FI was associated with a non-significant increase in the likelihood of being in a relationship because of material goods [adjusted prevalence ratio (PRa) = 1.76, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.81, 3.81] and was inversely associated with being able to ask partners to use condoms (PRa = 0.47, 95 % CI 0.25, 0.88). There was not a strong association between food security and relationship power. Our findings suggest that the association between FI and HIV risk behavior may differ depending on the type of household.

Keywords

 

Topic

Behavior; socioeconomic status

Attachments

Created at 10/11/2013 9:59 AM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 10/11/2013 9:59 AM by Davis, Gregory P