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Title

“HIV and sexual behavior change: Why not Africa?”

Authors

Emily Oster

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

J Health Econ.

Publication Date

1/3/2012

PubMed Search

 

Link to full-text

 

PMID

 

Abstract

Despite high rates of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the corresponding high mortality risk associated with risky sexual behavior, behavioral response has been limited. This paper explores three explanations for this: bias in OLS estimates, limited non-HIV life expectancy and limited knowledge. I find support for the first two. First, using a new instrumental variable strategy I find that OLS estimates of the relationship between risky sex and HIV are biased upwards, and IV estimates indicate reductions in risky behavior in response to the epidemic. Second, I find these reductions are larger for individuals who live in areas with higher life expectancy, suggesting high rates of non-HIV mortality suppress behavioral response; this is consistent with optimizing behavior. Using somewhat limited knowledge proxies, I find no evidence that areas with higher knowledge of the epidemic have greater behavior change.

Keywords

 

Topic

Behavior

Attachments

Created at 2/3/2012 10:05 AM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 2/3/2012 10:05 AM by Davis, Gregory P