Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content


Assessing HIV/AIDS stigma in South India: Validation and Abridgement of the Berger HIV Stigma Scale


 L. Jeyaseelan, S. Kuma, R. Mohanraj, et al.

Network Affiliation




Journal Name

AIDS and Behavior

Publication Date


PubMed Search


Link to full-text





HIV-related stigma has been associated with depression, poor adherence, and nondisclosure of HIV-positive status, all of which can lead to increased transmission of HIV and poorer health outcomes for HIV-infected individuals. The Berger HIV Stigma scale has been used in multiple settings but never adapted and validated in India, home to the world's second largest HIV-infected population. We assessed the reliability and validity of a Tamil translation of the original 40-item scale, and conducted confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses to assess cultural appropriateness and abbreviate the scale. Reliability and validity were high (alpha = 0.91; test-retest reliability ICC = 0.89). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis resulted in an abridged 25-item version of the scale that possessed better psychometric properties than the 40-item version. This culturally validated, abridged HIV-Stigma scale can be used in busy clinical settings to identify individuals in need of psychosocial support and assess post-intervention changes in stigma in Southern India.




Adherence; Behavior


Created at 1/23/2012 10:22 AM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 1/23/2012 10:22 AM by Davis, Gregory P