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Title

Progress in HIV Reduction and Prevention Among IDUs and Non-IDUs

Authors

Crawford ND, Vlahov D

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

JAIDS

Publication Date

12/15/2010

PubMed Search

 

Link to full-text

http://journals.lww.com/jaids/toc/2010/12152

PMID

 

Abstract

Substantial progress has been made in reducing HIV
among injection drug users (IDUs) in the United States, despite
political and social resistance that reduced resources and restricted
access to services. The record for HIV prevention among noninjecting
drug users is less developed, although they are more
numerous than IDUs. Newer treatments for opiate and alcohol abuse
can now be integrated into primary HIV care; treatment for stimulant
abuse is less developed. All drug users present challenges for newer
HIV prevention strategies (eg, ‘‘test and treat,’’ nonoccupational
postexposure prophylaxis and preexposure prophylaxis, contingency
management, and conditional cash transfer). A comprehensive HIV
prevention program that includes multicomponent multilevel approaches
(ie, individual, network, structural) has been effective in
HIV prevention among IDUs. Expanding these approaches to
noninjecting drug users, especially those at highest risk (eg, minority
men who have sex with men) and incorporating these newer
approaches is a public health priority.

Keywords

 

Topic

Risk Assessment; Risk Reduction Counseling; Substance Abuse

Attachments

Created at 1/28/2011 11:50 AM by Mooney, Jessica L
Last modified at 1/28/2011 11:50 AM by Mooney, Jessica L