Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) are being developed to simultaneously protect women from unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or human immunodeficiency virus. This study aims to determine MPT characteristics desired by young women in the United States (U.S.).
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
This is a cross-sectional national survey administered online by MTurk. Eligibility criteria included female sex, age 18-29 years, U.S. residence, and sexual activity with a male partner in the past 3 months. MPT characteristics were rated for importance. Odds ratios were generated to explore associations between demographics, sexual behaviors, and prior contraceptive use and likelihood of using various MPT formulations.
Of 835 women, the largest proportion reported being likely to use MPTs in the form of injectables (45.6%), followed by vaginal gels (33.7%), vaginal rings (26.3%) and diaphragms (17.3%). Women with prior experience using a specific method of contraception appeared more likely to try an MPT of the same form. Women concerned about STIs and unwanted pregnancy, or with a history of such undesirable outcomes, expressed higher likelihood of use for a broad range of products. Women indicated that safety and efficacy at preventing pregnancy were the most important product characteristics when choosing an MPT.
MPTs in the form of injectables are most highly desired, but many women would use vaginal methods, highlighting the importance of developing different delivery methods. Women desire safety and emphasize contraceptive efficacy over infection prevention. MPT preferences must be considered during product development to promote future acceptance among young women in the U.S.