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Title

Effects of Migration on Risky Sexual Behavior and HIV Acquisition in South Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, 2000-2017.

Authors

A Dzomba, A Tomita, K Govender, F Tanser

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

AIDS and Behavior

Publication Date

12/13/2018

PubMed Search

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30547333

Link to full-text

 

PMID

30547333

Abstract

​While human mobility has been implicated in fueling the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the link between migration and HIV has not been systematically reviewed and quantified. We conducted a systematic review of the role of migration in HIV risk acquisition and sexual behaviour based on 29 studies published between 2000 and 2017. Furthermore, we performed a meta-analysis of the association between migration and HIV risk acquisition in four of the studies that used HIV incidence as an outcome measure. The systematic review results show that HIV acquisition and risky sexual behavior were more prevalent among both male and female migrants compared to their non-migrant counterparts. The meta-analysis results demonstrate that migration was significantly associated with increased HIV acquisition risk (aOR = 1.69, 95% CI 1.33-2.14; I2 = 35.0%). There is an urgent need for effective combination HIV prevention strategies (comprising biomedical, behavioral and structural interventions) that target migrant populations.

Keywords

 

Topic

Behavior; Intervention

Attachments

Created at 12/17/2018 1:40 PM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 12/17/2018 1:40 PM by Davis, Gregory P