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Title

Efforts to Find Heterosexual HIV in San Francisco, 2007-2013.

Authors

HF Raymond, H. Jim, S. Scheer, et al

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

AIDS and Behavior

Publication Date

3/25/2015

PubMed Search

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25801477

Link to full-text

 

PMID

25801477

Abstract

Abstract

Nationally heterosexuals are an HIV prevention priority. In addition to case based HIV surveillance, behavioral surveillance surveys are conducted among heterosexuals living in high AIDS morbidity neighborhoods. We report on risk behaviors and HIV prevalence among "high-risk" heterosexuals in San Francisco. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System is coordinated by the CDC and implemented in 21 health jurisdictions. The studies were conducted in 2006, 2010 and 2013 in San Francisco. Respondent driven sampling was used to sample participants. Eligible persons were 18-50 years old and had sex with at least one opposite gender partner in the past year. We obtained samples of 371, 421, 165 heterosexuals in 2007, 2010 and 2013, respectively. Some demographics varied across the 3 years. Residential neighborhoods changed, homelessness and healthcare coverage increased. Binge drinking, cocaine and heroin use increased while methamphetamine use declined. There were no changes in numbers of partners, unprotected vaginal intercourse or unprotected anal intercourse. Commercial sex work increased. Even with "fine tuning" of eligibility criteria to attempt to find heterosexual HIV cases, we estimate that HIV prevalence was 0.3, 0.2 and 2.4 % in 2007, 2010 and 2013 respectively. The increase was not statistically significant. For the present, effective prevention among persons in the populations most severely affected by HIV remains the priority, for their own benefit and to prevent transmission to other vulnerable populations to which they may be connected.

Keywords

 

Topic

Behavior; Substance Abuse; Women

Attachments

Created at 3/26/2015 11:02 AM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 3/26/2015 11:02 AM by Davis, Gregory P