Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Title

High Incidence Is Not High Exposure: What Proportion of Prevention Trial Participants Are Exposed to HIV?

Authors

 

Network Affiliation

Other

Organization

 

Journal Name

PLoS One

Publication Date

1/1/2015

PubMed Search

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25569838

Link to full-text

 

PMID

25569838

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Randomized clinical trials of HIV prevention in high-risk populations of women often assume that all participants have similar exposure to HIV. However, a substantial fraction of women enrolled in the trial may have no or low exposure to HIV. Our objective was to estimate the proportion of women exposed to HIV throughout a hypothetical high-risk study population.

METHODS:

A stochastic individual-based model was developed to simulate the sexual behavior and the risk of HIV acquisition for a cohort of sexually active HIV-uninfected women in high HIV prevalence settings. Key behavior and epidemic assumptions in the model were based on published studies on HIV transmission in South Africa. The prevalence of exposure, defined as the proportion of women who have sex with HIV-infected partner, and HIV incidence were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Our model projects that in communities with HIV incidence rate of 1 per 100 person years, only 5-6% of women are exposed to HIV annually while in communities with an HIV incidence of 5 per 100 person years 20-25% of women are exposed to HIV. Approximately 70% of the new infections are acquired from partners with asymptomatic HIV.

CONCLUSIONS:

Mathematical models suggest that a high proportion of women enrolled in HIV prevention trials may be unexposed to HIV even when incidence rates are high. The relationship between HIV exposure and other risk factors should be carefully analyzed when future clinical trials are planned.

Keywords

 

Topic

Behavior; Women

Attachments

Created at 1/9/2015 12:33 PM by Davis, Gregory P
Last modified at 1/9/2015 12:33 PM by Davis, Gregory P